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Definition, Which Means, History, & Information

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What is the foundation of the term meme?

How have memes affected society?

meme,unit of cultural statistics spread through imitation. The time period meme (from the Greek mimema, which means “imitated”) become added in 1976 through British evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins in his paintings The Selfish Gene.

Dawkins conceived of memes as the cultural parallel to biological genes and taken into consideration them, in a manner similar to “selfish” genes, as being on top of things of their personal replica and accordingly serving their very own ends. Understood in the ones phrases, memes bring statistics, are replicated, and are transmitted from one character to any other, and they have the potential to conform, mutating at random and present process natural choice, with or without impacts on human fitness (duplicate and survival). The idea of the meme, however, stays in large part theoretical. It is also arguable, given the belief of selfishness and the software of the idea to the evolution of cultures, which shaped the idea for the field of memetics.

Within a culture, memes can take loads of bureaucracy, along with an concept, a skill, a behaviour, a word, or a specific style. The replication and transmission of a meme occurs when one individual copies a unit of cultural facts comprising a meme from another individual. The process of transmission is executed mainly via verbal, visible, or electronic communication, ranging from books and conversation to tv, electronic mail, or the Internet. Those memes that are maximum successful in being copied and transmitted come to be the most frequent within a tradition.

The exploration of relationships between cultural evolution, cultural transmission, and imitation has caused exciting theories about memes. For instance, numerous thoughts have emerged about the character of memes, such as whether or not they are useful, impartial, or dangerous. Memes may be interpreted as being inherently harmful, due to the fact, according to a few scholars, memes are parasites or viruses of the thoughts; once assimilated into the human mind, their leader purpose turns into their personal replication, with humans having very little manipulate over them. Some memes, however, are benign or beneficial however can turn out to be dangerous due to the fact, once they have been seeded within the human mind, they lend themselves to being misused or abused. For instance, despite the fact that memes associated with religious or political thoughts may gain the individuals who bring them, those equal memes, whilst imposed on people whose non secular or political memes are extraordinary, may also reason damage, such as thru the lack of religious traditions or social or political stability. Memes related to religious or political ideas will also be abused, as inside the case of spiritual cults or extremist corporations, that can result in the death of individuals. Beneficial memes, however, could include people who sell human fitness and survival, inclusive of memes related to hygiene.

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In the early 21st century, Internet memes, or memes that emerge within the subculture of the Internet, gained reputation, bringing renewed hobby to the meme idea. Internet memes unfold from individual to individual through imitation, generally by way of email, social media, and various types of Web websites. They often take the form of pix, motion pictures, or other media containing cultural records that, in place of mutating randomly, were intentionally altered by people. Their planned alteration, however, violates Dawkins’s unique conception of memes, and, because of this, in spite of their essential similarity to different varieties of memes, Internet memes are considered by means of Dawkins and certain different students to be a unique illustration of the meme concept.

Kara RogersLearn More in these related Britannica articles:

biology, philosophy of: Evolutionary epistemology

…ideas, which he calls “memes,” are the cultural equivalent of genes.…

…added the idea of “memes,” the cultural equivalent of genes. Ideas and ideas, from style to track, tackle a life in their very own within society and, by way of propagating and mutating from thoughts to thoughts, affect the progress of human evolution. Dawkins named the idea after the Greek phrase…

imitation, in psychology, the replica or performance of an act that is stimulated by the perception of a comparable act by using any other animal or person. Essentially, it entails a model to which the attention and response of the imitator are directed. As a descriptive term, imitation covers a huge…

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