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Xbox (console) - Wikipedia

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Xbox console with "Controller S"DeveloperMicrosoftManufacturerFlextronics[1]Product familyXboxTypeHome online game consoleGenerationSixth generationRelease dateNA: November 15, 2001[2]JP: February 22, 2002AU: March 14, 2002EU: March 14, 2002Lifespan2001–2009DiscontinuedJP: June 4, 2006EU: March eleven, 2007NA: March 2, 2009Units sold24 million+ (as of May 10, 2006)[three]MediaDVD, CD, digital distributionOperating systemProprietary Microsoft operating systemCPUCustom 733 MHz Intel Pentium III "Coppermine-based" processorMemory64 MB of DDR SDRAM @ two hundred MHzStorage8 or 10 GB inner hard pressure (formatted to 8 GB with allocated gadget reserve and MS Dash), eight MB reminiscence cardGraphicsNvidia GeForce 3-based totally NV2A GPU @ 233 MHz[4]Controller input4 × Xbox controller ports (proprietary USB interface), (Wireless controllers now not supported without delay—third-celebration wi-fi controllers require a stressed base unit)Connectivity100 Mbit EthernetOnline servicesXbox LiveBest-selling recreationHalo 2, 8.forty six million (as of November 2008)[5][6]SuccessorXbox 360

The Xbox is a domestic video game console and the primary installment inside the Xbox series of online game consoles synthetic by Microsoft. It became launched as Microsoft's first foray into the gaming console market on November 15, 2001, in North America, followed by means of Australia, Europe and Japan in 2002.[2] It is assessed as a sixth-technology console, competing with Sony's PlayStation 2 and Nintendo's GameCube. It was also the first principal console produced via an American employer because the release of the Atari Jaguar in 1993.

The console became introduced in March 2000.[7] With the release of the PlayStation 2, which featured the potential to playback CD-ROMs and DVDs further to gambling games, Microsoft have become worried that recreation consoles might threaten the non-public laptop as an leisure tool for residing rooms. Whereas maximum games consoles to that factor were built from custom hardware additives, the Xbox changed into constructed round wellknown non-public computer components, the use of variations of Microsoft Windows and DirectX as its operating gadget to help video games and media playback. The Xbox became technically greater effective as compared to its opponents, providing a 733 MHz Intel Pentium III processor, a processor that might be located on a standard PC. The Xbox become the first console to function a built-in tough disk.[8][9] The console also become built with direct help for broadband connectivity to the Internet thru an integrated Ethernet port,[10] and with the discharge of Xbox Live, a price-based online gaming carrier, a yr after the console's release, Microsoft won an early foothold in on line gaming and made the Xbox a robust competitor within the sixth technology of consoles. The reputation of blockbuster titles such as Bungie's Halo 2 contributed to the popularity of online console gaming, and mainly first-individual shooters.[eleven]

The Xbox had a document-breaking launch in North America, selling 1.five million units before the stop of 2001, aided by the recognition of one of the machine's release titles, Halo: Combat Evolved, which sold a million gadgets through April 2002. The device went on to promote a global overall of 24 million gadgets, together with sixteen million in North America; but, Microsoft become not able to make a constant income off the console, which had a production fee far greater pricey than its retail rate, notwithstanding its reputation, losing over $4 billion at some point of its marketplace lifestyles. The gadget outsold the GameCube and the Sega Dreamcast, however became vastly outsold by means of the PlayStation 2, which had offered over 100 million units through the machine's discontinuation in 2005. It additionally underperformed outdoor of the Western market; in particular, it sold poorly in Japan because of its big console length and an overabundance of games marketed towards American audiences in place of Japanese-advanced titles.[12] Production of the gadget changed into discontinued in 2005.[thirteen] The Xbox became the primary in an ongoing brand of online game consoles evolved by means of Microsoft, with a successor, the Xbox 360, launching in 2005, accompanied by way of the Xbox One in 2013 and the Xbox Series X and Series S consoles in 2020.HistoryCreation and improvement

Before the Xbox, Microsoft had located success publishing video games for its Windows PCs, freeing popular titles including Microsoft Flight Simulator and the vastly a hit Age of Empires after the advent of DirectX, the software programming interface (API) that allowed for direct get right of entry to of the computer hardware and bypassing Windows.[14] However, the employer had no longer delved into the home console marketplace of video games, which turned into ruled on the time by way of Sony's PlayStation. Sony turned into working on its next online game console, the PlayStation 2 (PS2), announced formally to the public on March 2, 1999, and meant for the gadget to act as a gateway for all sorts of domestic amusement. Sony supplied a imaginative and prescient where the console might in the end update the computer laptop in the home.[15] Microsoft CEO Bill Gates saw the approaching PS2 as a danger to Microsoft's line of Windows PCs, disturbing that the all-encompassing system may want to get rid of consumer pastimes in PCs and power them out of the marketplace. With video games unexpectedly growing into a huge industry, Gates decided that Microsoft needed to task into the console gaming marketplace to compete with Sony. Previously, Sega had advanced a model of Windows CE for its Dreamcast console to be used by recreation builders. Additionally, Gates had directly approached Sony CEO Nobuyuki Idei before the public assertion of the PS2 regarding letting Microsoft increase programming software program for the console. However, the provide become declined by means of Idei in prefer of having Sony create proprietary software program.[16] Microsoft had also tried to satisfy with Hiroshi Yamauchi and Genyo Takeda of Nintendo to doubtlessly collect the employer, however Nintendo declined to go in addition.[15][17]

In 1998, four engineers from Microsoft's DirectX crew—Kevin Bachus, Seamus Blackley, Ted Hase and DirectX team leader Otto Berkes[18]—began discussing thoughts for a new console which could run off Microsoft's DirectX era.[19] Nat Brown, the Windows Software Architect at Microsoft, could additionally end up a regular contributor to the project after meeting Hase in November 1998. The assignment changed into codenamed "Midway," in reference to the Battle of Midway all through World War II wherein Japan turned into decisively defeated through American forces, as a representation of Microsoft's desire to surpass Sony within the console market.[sixteen] The DirectX crew held their first improvement assembly on March 30, 1999, wherein they mentioned troubles consisting of getting a PC as well at a quicker pace than ordinary.[sixteen] The console could run off Windows 2000 the usage of DirectX 8.1, which could allow PC developers to without problems transition into making video games for the console even as additionally granting it a larger processing electricity than that of maximum other home consoles.[20] According to Blackley, the use of PC generation as the muse for a video game console might dispose of the technological barriers of maximum home consoles, allowing game creators to increase in addition on their own creativity without having to fear approximately hardware barriers.[16][20][21]

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